Thursday, 7 July 2016

THE PLACE OF NAUGHTY BY NATURE CARTOON IN NEWSPAPER AS AN ENTERTAINMENT WORK OF ART



CHAPTER ONE
1.0     Introduction
1.1     Background to the Study
          The history of cartoon is much older than the history of newspaper itself. Cartoons have been in existence many years before newspaper was invented. Cartoon refers to a typically non-realistic or semi-realistic drawing or painting intended for satire, caricature, or humor of any important issue. An artist who creates cartoons is called a cartoonist. The term originated in the middle Ages and first described a preparatory drawing for a piece of art, such as a painting, fresco, tapestry, or stained glass window. In the 19th century, it came to refer to humorous illustrations in magazines and newspapers, and in the early 20th century and onward it referred to comic strips and animated films.
          In modern print media, a cartoon is a piece of art, usually humorous in intent. This usage dates from 1843 when Punch Magazine applied the term to satirical drawings in its pages, particularly sketches by John Leech. The first of these parodied the preparatory cartoons for grand historical frescoes in the then-new Palace of Westminster. Naughty means a behaviour usually of children mischievous or disobedient while is also means an act of sexual intercourse.
          Modern single-panel gag cartoons, found in magazines, generally consist of a single drawing with a typeset caption positioned beneath or (much less often) a speech balloon. Newspaper syndicates have also distributed single-panel gag cartoons by Mel Calman, Bill Holman, Gary Larson, George Lichty, Fred Neher and others. Many consider New Yorker cartoonist Peter Arno the father of the modern gag cartoon (as did Arno himself). The roster of magazine gag cartoonists includes Charles Addams, Charles Barsotti and Chon Day.
          On the other hand, the word naughty at one time was an all-purpose word similar to bad. During the 16th century one could use naughty to mean "unhealthy, unpleasant, bad (with respect to weather), vicious (of an animal), inferior, or bad in quality" (one could say "very naughtie figes" or "naughty corrupt water"). All of these senses have disappeared, however, and naughty is now used mainly in contexts involving mischief or indecency. This recalls its early days in Middle English (with the form noughti), when the word was restricted to the senses "evil, hostile, ineffectual, and needy." Middle English noughti,first recorded in the last quarter of the 14th century, was derived from nought,which primarily meant "nothing" but was also used as a noun meaning "evil" and as an adjective meaning such things as "immoral, weak, useless." Thus naughty, in a sense, has risen from nothing, but its fortunes used to be better than they are at present. http://www.answers.com/topic/naughty.
          It also means mischievous; perverse; forward; guilty of disobedient or improper conduct; as, a naughty child. Naughty is synonymous to bad, blue, gamey, gamy, juicy, mischievous, racy, risqué, sexy, spicy.


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